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Why people consider tramadol a narcotic?

So, you are also among people who are not sure whether or not tramadol is a narcotic! Well, in spite of tremendous information released to the public, confusion still prevails, and numerous people are unable to comprehend the difference. In order to clarify the issue, following article would present some factual information that will assist people to gain understanding about good and bad of this pain relief medication and know if tramadol is a narcotic or not.

Is tramadol a narcotic?

Officially, tramadol is not classified as a narcotic, neither by FDA (Food and Drug Administration) nor by DEA (Drug Enforcement Agency). Although, FDA and DEA have monitored and altered the controlled substance act 1970’s original classifications, but both haven’t recognized tramadol as a narcotic. However, there are a few states like Kentucky and Virginia that classify it as a narcotic due to similar properties like it is also addictive, it can develop withdrawal symptoms, it is highly potent, etc.

Causes behind considering tramadol as a narcotic 

One prime cause for this confusion is the effects produced by this drug. When somebody is having low to moderately severe pain, no matter the pain is caused by illness, injury or a post-surgical procedure, it acts like oxycodone, morphine, and hydrocodone. Some people experience euphoric sensation besides reduction or elimination of pain. The majority of the public is well aware of the fact that opiates like hydrocodone and morphine cause high addiction due to the presence of some narcotic components. Comparatively, tramadol doesn’t contain such components and as classified as a non-narcotic medication regardless of the fact that it has effects similar to a narcotic drug. That’s the major reason for the wrong classification of Tramadol as a narcotic medication.

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How tramadol works?

Tramadol is an FDA approved medication that treats mild to intense pain. Instead of getting recognized as a painkiller, it is called a narcotic-like medication that has little effect on respiratory depression. The medication functions by affecting the response of the brain to body pain, or how it perceives pain, resulting increase in neurotransmitters production like serotonin, norepinephrine, and endorphins. These all are the natural elements that function to ease the pain feeling. In an alternative manner, psychoactive properties of drug cause infrequent use as a mild antidepressant. Though, with regards to potency, tramadol’s strength is considered as equivalent to codeine. Moreover, when compared to morphine, it’s single dose is ten times stronger than one dose of morphine.

Risks and possible side effects

Due to highly addictive nature, there is a high risk of dependency on tramadol. When a person frequently uses the tramadol, there is a high risk of chemical dependency. Drug’s psychoactive properties make the situation worse, allowing alteration of emotional and mental state of the patient. Sometimes, it may case intense psychological urge to consume the medication. One other possible risk is the tendency of high doses to cause seizures. Doctors usually avoid prescribing tramadol for the long term to avoid possible addiction. Take this fact into consideration that tramadol is far better than narcotic drugs like hydrocodone, morphine, and oxycodone. Still, it has a tendency to be abused. Usually, a very low dose is recommended for a short time period. In some cases, under careful monitoring, the duration and amount could be increased.

 Featured image Via : 1.bp.blogspot.com

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