blood clots during period – causes, diagnosis and risk factors
Are you worried after seeing a blood clot during your menstruation? Or, you are confused if these clots indicate something serious! Well, the fact is that occasional blood clots are not a matter of concern. If you are interested to know more detail, give a few minutes to this reading to clarify your mind and relax your nerves.
Causes of period blood clotting
There can be several reasons behind period blood clotting including:
- Intrauterine manipulations: Period clotting may occur as a residual effect of labor complications, abortions, miscarriage or other complex procedures.
- Myoma: clotting may occur due to the formation of hormone-dependent benign tumors. Endometrium area gets enlarged due to increase in womb size. Possible indicators of Myoma are abdominal pain during urination, thick clots during periods and menstrual disorders.
- Abnormal uterine development:It is associated with a hereditary chromosomal abnormality, such as uterine septum. It may also occur as a result of using forbidden medications, smoking during pregnancy or consuming excessive alcohol.
- Endometriosis: This situation is common among middle-aged women, having age within the range of 30 to 50. Uterine manipulation may trigger it by womb traumas. resultantly, endometrial lesion gets increased and evokes uterine growth and muscle hyperplasia. It might create abdominal pain along with painful menses and period blood clots.
- Affected endometrium: Diseases that might affect endometrium include polyposis and hyperplasia. Polyps formulation in the endometriumis called polyposis, whereas, excessive endometrial growth refers to hyperplasia. In any case, you are advised to consult the doctor for specialized treatment. Both of them involve endometrium growth due to which there has a tendency to formulate thick blood clots during periods.
- Iron deficiency: Sometimes, iron deficiency might trigger the period blood clotting. Simultaneously, if you don’t find any clue for deficiency anemia, don’t start consuming enriched iron supplements immediately. You are advised to have a blood test to assess the level of hemoglobin. In case it is below the average level, ask your doctor to prescribe
- Biologically active mineral deficiency:Period blood clotting might occur when your body is deficient of vitamin K, C, P, clots also form when amino-acid level raises. Another possible reason is when your blood clotting factor is low.
How does period blood clotting look like?
- It may appear as a thick jelly that your body expels during menstruation.
- Chances of having clots are high during initial days when the flow is heavy.
- It may also look like shiny dark red or black jelly, or it may have granular brownish color.
How to manage period blood clots?
In case you are having occasional, small blood clots, then the matter is not a big deal, and you don’t need any medical advice. Follow the simple steps to effectively manage the blood clots.
- Use a menstrual product that caneffectively deal with blood clotting
- Avoid pads and tampons as they can’t suck blood clots, neither they are hygienic
- Use a menstrual cup as it would provide the best solution for managing small and large blood clots
How to use a menstrual cup?
It is a green solution for your periods and clotting problem. The cup collects all blood that your body releases naturally. After purchasing a menstrual cup, start the insertion process by washing your hands. Then fold the cup in a “C” position to make the insertion easier. Gently insert it into your vagina and push it towards your spine. Check whether the cup is fully opened and settled inside the vagina. Once successfully entered, you can use it for next twelve hours as it has three times more capacity than an ordinary tampon. Moreover, it is good for you as well as for the overall environment. After 12 hours, get the cup empty. Use your pelvic muscles to exert the pressure in a downward position, after getting it out, drain it in the toilet, wash it with warm water and reinsert it. Repeat the process till the end of your menstruation cycle.
Possible Diagnosis techniques for period blood clotting
- Upon consulting the doctor, he may recommend some hormonal medications to control the clotting, or he may recommend a blood test to assess whether you have
- Depending upon your condition, a vaginal ultrasound might be suggested to clear internal situation of the vagina.
- If fibroids are causing the problem, your physician might recommend an MRI.
- A biopsy would involve removal of tissue from uterus lining for analysis purpose.
- Curettage and Dilatation process involves cervix dilatation along with scrapping off the cervix and uterus lining. It might lessen the excessive clotting besides obtaining tissue for analysis purpose.
Are large blood clots during period normal?
You must have noticed that throughout your menstruation cycle, blood color varies in consistency and color. In most of the cases, it is quite normal. However, if you have some odd changes like excessive and large blood clotting, then it might indicate something severe, and you are advised to consult gynecologist or primary care provider immediately. Usually, clots form when anticoagulants that are released by your body to prevent clotting don’t get enough time to work due to heavy blood flow. The occurrence of occasional small blood clots is not a matter of concern, but the formation of excessively large blood clots is! If your blood clots are longer than a quarter, or you have frequent large blood clotting, your body needs a serious evaluation by a physician at your earliest convenience. There are some reasons behind large blood clots, ranging from a miscarriage, uterine fibroid growth, medications, menopause, abnormal weight increase and endometriosis. If you are experiencing any of these situations, your chances of getting large blood clots will get higher. If you are pregnant, pay particular attention to large blood clots as it might indicate a possible miscarriage. Another worse case might be the indication of endometrial cancer. Moreover, large blood clots mean excessive blood loss, which if not treated in time, may lead towards anemia that causes pale skin, light headedness, and fatigue. I hope you have got your answer that excessive large blood clots are not normal at all! You are strongly advised to have a vaginal ultrasound, pelvic exam or blood test.
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